Diptongos y triptongos Edit
There are strong vowels (a, e, & o) and there are weak vowels (i & u). A dipthong and a tripthong both equal one syllable
A combination of a weak vowel and a strong vowel or two week vowels will result in a dipthong.
|ai ia||au ua||ei ie||eu ue|
|oi io||ou uo||iu ui|
aire, gloria, autor, agua, reina, nadie, socio, cuota
A combination of a strong vowel between two week vowels will result in one syllable.
|iai iei||uai uei|
apreciáis, pronuciéis, Uruguay, buey
When a dipthong or tripthong is at the end and it ends in "i" then a "y" is written instead.
- Hoy, hay, ley, Paraguay, rey
When the dipthongs "ue" or "ie" are written at the begining of a word then a "h" is placed infront of it.
- hueso, huésped, huevo, hierro, huerta, hielo, hierba, hiedra
When an accent is placed on a weak vowel, the dipthong is broken. If the syllable that has the dipthong requires an accent, then the accent is placed on the strong vowel so as to not break the dipthong.
División de sílabas Edit
Words with prefixes can be seperated two different ways as along as it doesn't mess up any of the divisions of syllables.
|des-i-gual OR de-si-gual||des-in-te-re-sa-do OR de-sin-te-re-sa-do||in-ú-til OR i-nú-til|
With words without prefixes, a constant between two vowels always forms a syllable with the vowel that follows it.
If two constanents are together, they are usually seperated
- NOTE: Words from the Náhuatl language that have "tl" don't seperate the "tl"
You do not seperate the following constanent combinations
|ch, ll, rr||
mu cha cha
ca ba llo
con glo me ra do
a le gre
a bri go
com ple tar
ex pre sar
pro cla mar
re cre o
in fluen cia
re fres co
If three constanents are together and the second one is an "s" then they split with the first constanent and the "s" going together and the third constanent going with the next syllable
|cons ti tu ción||ins ta lar||obs tá cu lo||abs ti nen cia||ins tan te|
All words with more than two syllables are pronounced with one syllable having more force than the other. This syllable is called the stressed syllable or tónica.
If the word ends with a vowel or "n" or "s", the stressed syllable is the penultimant (second to last).
If the word ends with a consonate that isn't "n" or "s" then the stressed syllable is the last one.
If the stressed syllable is not the one that would be expected, then you place an accent on the syllable that is to be stressed.
Palabras Agudas Edit
- the last syllable is the stressed syllable
- they have an accent if they end with a vowel, "n" or "s"
Palabras Graves o llanasEdit
- the stressed syllable is the second to last syllable
- they have an accent if it ends in a constonant that isn't "n" or "s"
- The stressed syllable is the third syllable away from the end.
- These always have an accent
- The stressed syllable is the fourth syllable from the end
- Theses always have accents
- Usually these are certain verb forms that have an accent attached to them
Certain words have accents so you can tell them apart from other words that are spelt and pronounced the same way.
|séI know||seherself, himself, him, her|
|teyou (pronombre directo, indirecto, y reflexivo)|
Cambios en los acentos escritos al formar el pluralEdit
Palabras Agudas that end in "n" or "s" lose their accents when they become plural because they become palabras llanas.
Palabras llanas that end with a consonant that isn't "s" have an accent when plural because they become palabras esdrújulas.
When an accent is placed on the weak vowel in a dipthong, then the dipthong is broken
Palabras interrogativas y exclamativasEdit
These words always accents when used as question words or words of exclamation.
words that end in -mente keep their accents